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Jayanti || ||Paryushana
Diwali || ||Mahamastak
takes place in the month of Shravan Vad in August/September every
year. Paryushana is practised for eight days by the Svetambara sect
of the Jains, while celebrations last for ten days among the Digambaras.
It marks the retreat of the nomadic monks owing to monsoon showers and
torrential rains. During this festival, Jains of all ages visit the divine
temples or Upashrayas to listen to the discourses and readings of
In the evenings, Jains perform a kriya called Pratikraman,
a form of meditation to reflect on spiritual journey. The annual
Pratikraman is known as Samvatsari Pratikarman, which is the
last day of Paryushana. Paryushana is marked by strict observance of the ten
cardinal virtues: forgiveness, charity, simplicity, contentment,
truthfulness, self-restraint, fasting, detachment, humility and continence.
There is also a unique custom when individuals ask for forgiveness for
offending one another during the year.