There are several kinds of
folk music in Bengal, each with their
own characteristics. Some of them are sung usually by a
certain group of people. The three well-known forms of
Bengali folk music are the Baul, Bhatiyali and Baowaia.
Baul is one of the few widely known and appreciated
types of folk music in Bengal. Baul is not only merely a
kind of music, but it is basically a Bengali religious
sect. The members of the sect are themselves called
Bauls, and the
sing are named after them as
Baulgan (Baul songs). The Baul
costume consists of a half-dhoti
and an alkhalla (saffron robes). The instruments
extensively used by the Bauls are Gopiyantro
(often called "ektara"), khamak, dotara,
ghungur, nupur and duggi. Some of
the well-known exponents of Baul music include Lalon
Phakir, Naboni Das Khepa, Purno Chandra Das, Yotin Das
Bau and Sonatan Das Thakur Baul.
It is usually sung by
(Bhaoyaiya): It is the typical folk music
from northern part of Bengal.