1960s, classical Indian music entered a new phase when
leading Indian musicians like Pandit Ravi Shankar Ustad
Ali Akbar Khan began to give performances abroad and
started teaching instrumental music to Western students.
The renowned Indian filmmaker, Satyajit Ray, also
brought classical Indian music to the attention of
Westerners through the music scores of some of his early
films, which were composed by Ravi Shankar and Vilayat
Khan. In the course of time collaborations ensued
between Indians musicians and Western musicians and a
new kind of experimentation on fusion music began.
Pandit Ravi Shankar was one of the earliest musicians to
have collaborated with western musicians.
He joined hands with the renowned violinist
Yehudi Menuhin and produced a number of East-West
albums. In recent years, Pandit Ravi Shankar has
collaborated with the American minimalist composer,
Philip Glass, on
Passages. Ravi Shankar was also present at the music
extravaganza known as "Woodstock".
In subsequent years, the Sarod maestro, Ustad Ali Akbar
Khan, and the tabla maestros, Ustad Alla Rakha and
Ustad Zakir Hussain, also worked with Western musicians.
Pandit Hari Prasad Chaurasia brought out an experimental
album called the
Eternity, which incorporates many western elements
alongside North Indian Classical. The Grammy Award winner and creator of the Mohan Veena, Vishwa
Mohan Bhatt, did a historic jugalbandi with a
Chinese Erhu Player, Jei Bing Chen to become the first
ever Indian to strike a jugalbandi with a Chinese
artiste in the thousands of years of history of India
and China. Vishwa also combined with the ace
American Dobro guitar player Jerry Douglas, with the
American country music singer Taj Mahal and a rare
combination with the Arabian Oudh player Simon Shaheen.
Other successful collaborations over the years
have been between Ustad Sultan Khan (on the Sarangi) and
Marco Guinar (on the Spanish guitar) and Roy Cooder and
L. Shankar and L. Subramaniam (both violinists).
popularity of Fusion Music, both vocal and instrumental,
indicates that multiculturalism and globalisation are
influencing tastes and creativity in music worldwide.
National boundaries or limitations of their own music
and culture no longer circumscribe musicians, who are
keen to experiment and explore new horizons.
recent times, the Indian mandolin virtuoso, U.
Srinivasan, produced an album called
collaboration with the Candian guitarist Michael Brook. Pakistan-born
Adnan Sami was the first person to play Indian classical
music on the electric piano.
Recently, a renowned Indian tabla maestro Talvin
Singh has bagged UK's prestigious
Technics Mercury Music Prize for his album
OK, which represents a fusion of Indian classical music and
contemporary British dance rhythms. Talvin has also
played with starts like Madonna and Bjork. Talvin has
planned two more music albums:
Soundz of the
Asian Underground and
Soundz of the
Asian Overground. In the vocal music, the fusion
album The Colonial
Cousins of Hariharan and Lindsey Levie
became an instant hit in India and abroad.
The music wizard, A.R.Rahman, who had produced an
album along with late Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, came up
with an album Ekam
Satyam with Michael Jackson in 1999.
In the new millennium, Rahman plans to release
Bombay Dreams, which is a musical
jugalbandi with Andrew Lloyd Weber. A.R.Rahman is already well known for his album
and film scores of
Roja, Bombay and