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Mohammed Iqbal

Iqbal (1877-1938) was born at Sialkot (Punjab, Pakistan) on 22nd February 1873. Iqbal obtained a Ph.D from Munich for his work on the metaphysics of Persia. He developed his philosophy of Khudi (Selfhood) in which influences of Rumi and German Vitalism were assimilated into Quranic thought. His first poetic collection was published under the title of Bang-i-Dara (1924) and brought him fame throughout India. His first publication in Persian Asra-i-Khudi extended his fame in the West. Iqbal followed this book with other works in Persian like Rumuz-i-Bekhudi, Payam-i-Mashriq, Zabur-i-Ajam and Javid Namah. His other collections of Urdu poems include Bal-i-Jabril (1935) and Zarb-i-Kalim (1936). Another book was published after his death in April 1938, entitled Anmughan-i-Hijaz (1938). This contains compositions partly in Persian and the rest in Urdu poetry. Some of his best-known poems are Zauk-e-Shauk, Masjid-e-Qartaba and Saqi Nama.

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