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Muthuswamy Dikshitar

Muthuswamy Dikshitar (1775-1835) was the famous composer of Carnatic music who wrote his songs primarily in Sanskrit. About the middle of the 18th century, many eminent musicians and composers flourished in South India. Of them, Shyama Sastri, Tyagaraja and Muthuswamy Dikshitar stand out prominently. Muthuswamy Dikshitar was the youngest of the celebrated trio of composers, revered as the Trinity of Carnatic music. He contributed immensely to the repertoire of Carnatic music. The credit of introducing the violin to south Indian music also goes to his family. Muthuswamy Dikshitar is a prolific composer. He has composed hundreds of kirtanas in Yamuna Kalyani and among them special mention is to be made or the kirtana Jambupathe mam pahi, which stands unrivalled its regard to the richness of ragabhava and grandeur of style. Besides, there are five ragamalikas, a pada varna and a daru. Dikshitar's compositions are mostly in Sanskrit. A few of them are what are known as Manipravala compositions, the Sahitya being in multiple languages. About four hundred or so of his songs exist at present.

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