Home >> Cinema in India >>  Silent Movies of India


Silent Movies of India

|| Introduction || Silent Movies || The Era of Talkies || The Early Films-I ||  The Early Films-II || Recent Films || New Star Kids || Melody & Music || Parallel or New Cinema || Regional Cinema || English Films || International Arena || Film Censorship || Film Awards || Famous Cine Personalities ||

 

The first Indian talkie Alam Ara produced by the Imperial film company and directed by Ardershir Irani was released on March 14, 1931 at the Majestic Cinema in Bombay. Alam Ara was the genesis of the talkie feature films. The movie is significant because it gave Indian cinema its first singer, W.M. Khan. The film's popular Hindustani dialogues and seven songs made it a big hit which resulted in other filmmakers to raise the number of songs in their films till it reached a whooping 71 in Indrasabha. Film songs soon became a Pan-Indian phenomenon. Ghar Ki Lakshmi (1931) became the second talkie of Bombay. A substantially improvised talkie film emerged later in that year in the form of Madan Theatre's Shirin Farhad.

The talkie had brought revolutionary changes in the whole set up of the industry and completely over-shadowed the silent movies at a time when they were at a peak. However, it also brought into focus many peculiar problems which needed to be tackled - there were no dialogue writers or lyricists and songs had to be sung during the filming as prerecording facilities were not known. Minimum instruments were used, as the instrumentalists had to be camouflaged behind the singer. But the talking film had come to stay. Many of the early talkie movies were created by Bengali producers. The era of the talkies brought about social awareness as they focused on themes like practice of human sacrifices, women's liberation and arranged marriages.


|| Introduction || Silent Movies || The Era of Talkies || The Early Films-I ||  The Early Films-II || Recent Films || New Star Kids || Melody & Music || Parallel or New Cinema || Regional Cinema || English Films || International Arena || Film Censorship || Film Awards || Famous Cine Personalities ||


Copyright culturopedia.net  All Rights Reserved 2014-2015